6 ICT applications 

Candidates should be able to: 

6.1 communication applications 

describe a range of communication applications (e.g. newsletters, websites, multimedia presentations, music scores, cartoons, flyers and posters) 

describe the use of mobile phones for communication (e.g. text messaging, phone calls, accessing the internet) 

describe the use of internet telephony, including Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) 

describe applications for publicity and corporate image publications (e.g. business cards, letterheads, flyers and brochures)

6.2 data handling applications 

describe the use of a range of data handling applications (e.g. surveys, address lists, clubs and society records, school reports and school libraries)

6.3 measurement applications 

describe a range of measurement applications (e.g. scientific experiments, weather stations) 

explain the difference between analogue data and digital data 

explain the need for conversion between analogue and digital data 

describe the use of microprocessors and computers in a number of applications (e.g. pollution monitoring, intensive care units in hospitals) 

discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers in measurement rather than humans

6.4 microprocessors in control applications 

describe the role of a microprocessor or computer in control applications, including the role of the pre-set value 

describe the use of computer control in applications (e.g. turtle graphics, automatic washing machines, automatic cookers, computer controlled central heating systems, burglar alarms, computer controlled glasshouse)

6.5 modelling applications 

describe the use of computer modelling in spreadsheets (e.g. for personal finance)

6.6 applications in manufacturing industries 

describe a range of computer controlled applications (e.g. robotics in manufacture and production line control) 

discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computer controlled systems rather than humans

6.7 school management systems 

describe how systems are used to manage learner registration and attendance • describe how systems can be used to record learner performance 

describe how systems can be used for organising examinations, creating timetables and managing teaching cover/substitution

6.8 booking systems 

identify areas where booking systems are used (e.g. travel industry, theatre and cinemas) 

describe the online processing involved in booking tickets 

discuss the advantages and disadvantages of online booking systems

6.9 banking applications 

describe the computer processing involved in Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) 

describe the computer processing involved in using automatic teller machines (ATM) (e.g. withdrawing cash, depositing cash or cheques, checking account balance, mini statements, mobile/cellphone recharge/top up, bill paying, money transfers, ordering paper-based goods) 

describe the use of processing involved in credit/debit card transactions

describe the clearing of cheques 

describe phone banking 

describe internet banking, and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of it

6.10 computers in medicine 

describe the contents of information systems in medicine (including patient records, pharmacy records, monitoring and expert systems for diagnosis) 

describe how 3D printers can be used in producing medical aids (e.g. surgical and diagnostic aids, development of prosthetics and medical products, tissue engineering, artificial blood vessels and the design of medical tools and equipment)

6.11 computers in libraries 

describe the files used in libraries (e.g. records of books and borrowers) 

describe the computer processing involved in the issue of books, including the use of direct data entry methods 

describe the automatic processing involved in issuing reminders for overdue books

6.12 expert systems 

identify a range of applications which use expert systems (e.g. mineral prospecting, car engine fault diagnosis, medical diagnosis, chess games) 

identify the components of an expert system (e.g. interactive user interface, inference engine, rules base, knowledge base) 

describe how an expert system is used to suggest diagnoses 

6.13 computers in the retail industry 

describe the use of point of sale (POS) terminals, how the stock file is updated automatically, and how new stock can be ordered automatically 

describe the use of electronic funds transfer at point of sale (EFTPOS) terminals (e.g. the checking of the validity of cards, the use of chip and PIN, the communication between the supermarket computer and the bank computer) 

describe internet shopping 

discuss the advantages and disadvantages of internet shopping

6.14 recognition systems 

describe how recognition systems work (e.g. Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR), Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) and Optical Character Recognition (OCR), Radio Frequency Identification Device (RFID)) 

describe how number plate recognition systems work 

describe the processing of cheques 

describe the processing of OMR media (e.g. school registers, multiple-choice examination papers) 

describe how RFID and RF technology is used in a range of applications (e.g. tracking stock, passports, automobiles, contactless payment)

6.15 monitoring and tracking systems 

describe how a workforce or member of the public can be monitored or logged 

describe how the use of cookies can be used to monitor a person’s internet activity 

describe the use of key-logging 

describe how worker/employee call monitors can be used 

describe the use of automatic number plate recognition

6.16 satellite systems 

describe the use of different satellite systems (e.g. Global Positioning Systems (GPS), satellite navigation, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), media communication systems)